Persimmon fruits are eaten dried, fresh, raw or cooked. When eaten fresh, the skin is usually peeled off, and the fruit is cut into quarters or eaten whole, like an apple. Ripe persimmons make a delicious breakfast and are halved and eaten like a watermelon. Farmers harvest persimmons and use them in compotes or winter salads. Growing “Amareekee Khajoor” trees is relatively easy. They are tolerant of soils as long as the drainage is good, and they are rarely bothered by diseases or pests.
The key to growing persimmons is to choose various varieties that grow well in your habitat. The winter chill is the main factor when compressing persimmons to grow. Asian persimmons demand mild winter climates. On the other hand, American and hybrid persimmons grow in regions with relatively cold winters.
Persimmons farming requires essential equipment, which plays a major role in agro-processing. Equipment, harvesters, and tractors are the main sectors in persimmons cultivation; Hence, we recommend the Mahindra 585 tractor.
Persimmons Farming in India
Let’s follow the step-by-step process of growing persimmons commercially.
Types of Persimmons and Climate Requirement
There are three kinds of persimmons: Asian, also called Oriental or Japanese, hybrids of Asian and American persimmons. Farmers can grow Asian persimmons in mild winter areas, Zones 7 to 10. Farmers can grow the hybrid in the same areas as the American persimmon. You should choose the winter temperatures where you live when choosing persimmons for your garden.
Asian or Oriental persimmons (Diospyros kaki), also known as Japanese or kaki persimmons, have a honey-sweet flavour and smooth, soft texture. This fruit is mostly, not completely, non-astringent. Asian persimmons are 3 – 4 inches in diameter. Asian persimmons grow 25 to 30 feet tall and spread 25 feet. Persimmons are larger than American persimmons. The leaves of the Asian persimmon turn bright orange or yellow in the fall. You can eat Asian persimmons like apples. The persimmon fruit hangs on the tree in late fall after the leaves have fallen.
Hybrid persimmons—a cross between American and Asian varieties—are hardy like American persimmons with larger fruits (2 – 2½ inches in diameter). They are sweet and delicious when fully cooked.
American persimmons are richly aromatic and all astringent until fully ripe (mouthfeel is dry). Ripe fruits can be very soft and have a rich, sweet flavor. American persimmons are tougher than Asian persimmons; They can grow in Zones 5 to 9. The fruit is smaller than the Asian persimmon, 1½ to 2 inches in diameter. American persimmon trees are larger than Asian persimmons; The trees are 30 to 40 feet high and 30 feet wide. The leaves turn yellow in the fall.
Best Site For Growing Persimmons
- Plant the persimmon fruit in full sun.
- Plant persimmons in loamy,compost-rich soil that is well-drained.
- Persimmons have long roots, so deep and loamy soil is best. Asian persimmons prefer sandy-loamy soils. American persimmons will withstand a wide range of soil conditions.
- Choose a site that allows the tree to grow to maturity. Consider the height and spread of the persimmon you want to grow.
- To find out if you will need another tree for cross-pollination and fruit, you need to check the variety’s pollination requirement you want to plant.
- Most Asian persimmons are less or more self-fruitful. However, if two varieties are planted, all Asian persimmons will produce better fruit.
- American persimmons fruits can be male, female, or bisexual; Some are self-fruitful, some are not.
- A few female cultivars of American bear and most female cultivars of Asian persimmons fruit without pollination.
Planting For Persimmons Cultivation
- Plant root persimmon fruits in spring before the tree breaks dormancy. You should plant ball and burlap trees even in spring before the tree goes dormant—plant container-grown trees at any time from spring to autumn. Avoid planting when the weather is hot and dry.
- Persimmons have a long root. Damaged taproots regenerate slowly.
- Prepare the Persimmons planting site in full sun protected from the prevailing wind or wind.
- Again dig a pit half as deep and twice as wide as the tree’s roots.
- Add well-rotted compost or manure to the soil and add one cup of all-purpose fertilizer to the bottom of the hole.
- In the hole, set the tree so that the soil mark on the stem is level with the surrounding soil surface. (Remove all twine and burlap from bold and Burlapped trees) Then, spread the roots out in every direction.
- Refill the hole with half native soil and half old compost or commercial organic planting mix.
- Build a slight clay basin around the trunk to keep the soil in the water and water at the watering time. Be firm in the soil so that there are no air pockets between the roots.
- Water each tree thoroughly and fertilize it with a high-phosphorus liquid starter fertilizer after planting.
Persimmons Cultivation requires some necessary equipment, which plays a major role in agro-processing. Therefore, equipment, harvesters, and tractors are the major in persimmon cultivation. Hence, we recommend the Mahindra Arjun 605 tractor, which is better for increasing efficiency in the field.
We consider the above advisory knowledge will be effective for you. However, if you require more information regarding Persimmons Cultivation Business in India, stay tuned with us.