In the field of data science and analytics, two prominent languages are Scala and Python. With the help of these languages, one established great projects on different technologies. It is hard for masses to choose one language in Scala VS Python. Now the question pop-up in mind is: How to select the best language?
To get the answer to this question, you need to focus on the striking differences. Due to it, you will get quality knowledge about each language in terms of features and benefits and can get python coding help.
So, let’s pay attention to understanding Scala VS Python:
|Table of content
|What is Python?
|Advantages of python
|What is Scala?
|Advantages of Scala
|Scala VS Python: List of Striking differences
What is Python?
Over time, the popularity of Python is increasing in various industries. It is known as the open-source programming language. Additionally, Python is considered as the scripting and automation language. It is a blend of various features that makes it the prime preference of developers.
Additionally, the learners will not face problems in learning. Once you learn about the language, you can easily use it. Moreover, it comes with high-level data structures and object-oriented programming. It has great syntax and excellent typing. Due to these two features, it is categorized as the ideal language.
Advantages of Python:
Python is associated with plenty of benefits. Not all beginners are aware of its benefits. If you are one of them, the below-mentioned information will help you. Here come the benefits of Python.
- Easy to understand and learn
- Has the support of the great community
- Consists of a great set of libraries and framework
- In-built support for the different data types
What is Scala?
Scala is considered a great blend of object-oriented and functional programming. The main purpose of introducing this language was for JVM. The term JVM stands for the Java Virtual Machine. The strength of this high-level language makes the work easier with Java code.
According to report of Tiobe Index, Scala got 20th place in the category of top twenty programming languages last year. Additionally, it is a highly accessible language for developers.
Advantages of Scala:
- It allows the use of various JVM libraries.
- Shares the different readable syntax striking features
- Comes with the string comparison advancement, pattern matching
Scala VS Python: List of striking differences:
With the help of knowledge about the differences, you will be able to know which language is best: Scala vs Python. Here come the lists of striking differences according to the different aspects.
The first factor you need to consider is the performance of Scala and Python. So, the answer is: Scala is faster as compared to Python, mainly ten times faster. Scala relies on the JVM.
Additionally, it is also a fact that compiled languages have great speed as compared to interpreted languages. As the Python language has dynamic typing, the speed of development will be less.
When it comes to functionality, both provide similar functions. But if you are seeking to easily learn the language, you must consider Python. It is because Scala is quite complicated for the learners.
The reason is that it is a combination of different high-level features. On the other hand, Python comes with intuitive logic. So, it will be easier for learners to learn the different concepts.
In the case of concurrency, Scala comes with different standard libraries and cores. It is responsible for the fast integration of data in an enormous data ecosystem. If you consider the scala, you have the opportunity of writing codes with various concurrency primitives.
Additionally, it acts best for memory management and processing of data. In contrast to it, Python does not provide too much support for concurrency. It indicates that one thread will be active at one time. If you will have to deploy one code, you will have to restart the running processes. So, in the case of concurrency, Scala is the winner.
If you consider Scala, it is statically typed. So, it is easy to find compiling time errors. On the other hand, Python is typed dynamically. It is quite difficult to figure out the bugs mainly when it is a time of modification of existing code. So, it is easier to restore the scala code as compared to Python.
Data Science Application
For the data science community, Python is the most renowned language. The major reason behind the popularity is an easy learning curve. In the data science field, Python is divided into various libraries. These include Pandas, SciPy, Pytorch, TensorFlow, and so on.
On the other hand, Scala is integrated easily with Apache Spark. It is ideal for managing the enormous data and development of ML models.
So, after reading the above-mentioned information, you will get the knowledge that in some aspects Scala is better while in others Python is better. Both languages have various advantages and limitations. Hence, you need to make the decision wisely.
In the end, now you have sufficient knowledge about both of these languages. If you want to learn languages, you should consider Python first. Further, move to Scala for learning. Your choice also depends upon uses and on your requirements.
Is Scala harder as compared to Python?
In between both of the languages, Python is easy. Apart from it, difficulty or easy level also depends upon your interest. If your interest is in Scala, it will be easier for you to learn.
Which is better: Scala or Python for Spark?
Performance-wise Scala is ten times faster than Python. It is because Scala utilizes the JVM during the runtime.
Who uses Scala?
Various companies use Scala. Here comes the list of those companies.
- Deliver Hero, and so on.